Qurbani and Zakat are both forms of charitable giving in Islam, but they serve different purposes and are practiced in different ways.
Qurbani is an Islamic practice of sacrificing an animal, typically a sheep, goat, cow, or camel, during the Islamic month of Dhul-Hijjah, which is the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. It is a significant ritual for Muslims around the world who can afford it, and it is carried out in commemoration of the Prophet Ibrahim's (AS) willingness to sacrifice his son, Ismail, to God. Muslims who are financially capable of doing so are obligated to perform Qurbani once a year. The meat from the sacrificed animal is divided into three parts, with one-third being given to the poor and needy, one-third to friends and family, and one-third kept for oneself.
Zakat, on the other hand, is an obligatory form of charity in Islam that requires Muslims to give a specific portion of their wealth to the needy and deserving. It is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is considered a form of purification and a means of achieving social justice. The amount of Zakat is calculated as 2.5% of one's total wealth, including assets such as cash, gold, silver, and property, after the deduction of debts and essential expenses. Zakat is typically given annually, and it is distributed among the poor, orphans, widows, and other vulnerable members of society.
While Qurbani and Zakat are both forms of charitable giving in Islam, their purposes and practices differ significantly. Qurbani is performed during a specific time of year and involves the sacrifice of an animal, whereas Zakat is given annually and involves the donation of a portion of one's wealth. The primary purpose of Qurbani is to commemorate the Prophet Ibrahim's (AS) devotion to God, while the primary purpose of Zakat is to provide for the needy and deserving members of society. Nonetheless, both Qurbani and Zakat are essential practices in Islam that emphasize the importance of generosity, compassion, and social responsibility.